Ingredients Index


Kiwano, also known as the African horned cucumber or jelly melon, is a unique and exotic fruit that is native to the Kalahari Desert in Africa. Its outer appearance is what truly makes it stand out, as it has a bright orange or yellow spiky skin with distinctive horns or spikes. The fruit itself is oval-shaped and can grow up to ten centimeters in length. One of the most intriguing features of the kiwano is its taste. It has a flavor that is often described as a combination of citrusy cucumber, banana, and melon. The vibrant green gelatinous pulp inside the fruit is packed with small edible seeds, which add a crunchy texture when consumed. The taste experience of kiwano is refreshing and different, making it a popular choice for fruit salads, smoothies, and even cocktails. Besides its distinctive taste, kiwano is also known for its various health benefits. It is rich in essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, iron, and potassium. These nutrients are crucial for maintaining a healthy immune system, promoting good vision, and supporting proper bodily functions. Additionally, kiwano is an excellent source of dietary fiber, aiding in digestion and preventing constipation. Kiwano is also believed to have antioxidant properties, which help protect the body against damage caused by harmful free radicals. Antioxidants are beneficial for maintaining overall health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and certain types of cancer. Some studies suggest that kiwano may have anti-inflammatory effects as well, which can be beneficial for those suffering from conditions like arthritis. Another noteworthy aspect of kiwano is its high water content. Approximately 90% of the fruit is water, making it an excellent choice to stay hydrated, especially during hot summer months. The water content also contributes to its low calorie and fat content, making it a suitable choice for individuals trying to manage their weight. Cultivating kiwano can be challenging, as it requires hot and dry climates similar to its native region. However, it is now grown in various countries around the world, including the United States, New Zealand, and Israel. When selecting a kiwano at the grocery store or market, it is best to look for one that is firm and has evenly distributed bright color as this indicates ripeness. In conclusion, kiwano is an extraordinary fruit with a striking appearance and a delicious and refreshing taste. Not only does it offer a unique flavor experience, but it also provides several health benefits. Whether eaten on its own or incorporated into various dishes, kiwano is a remarkable addition to any fruit lover's repertoire.

About Preparation and Cooking

Kiwano, also known as horned melon or African horned cucumber, is a unique and exotic fruit that originates from Africa. It has a spiky, yellow-orange skin and vibrant green, jelly-like flesh filled with edible seeds. Preparing and cooking kiwano can be a delightful experience due to its intriguing texture and mildly sweet, citrusy flavor. When it comes to preparing kiwano, the first step is to wash the fruit thoroughly under running water to remove any dirt or impurities from the skin. Next, using a sharp knife, carefully cut the fruit lengthwise. The kiwano can now be enjoyed as is, with a spoon, or its flesh can be scooped out and used in various culinary applications. One popular approach to utilizing kiwano is in salads. Its bright green flesh and unique texture make it a great addition to fruit salads, where it can add a refreshing element to the mix. Kiwano can also be combined with other tropical fruits like mango, pineapple, and banana to create a colorful and vibrant fruit salad. Adding a drizzle of lime juice or a sprinkle of mint can further enhance its citrusy flavor profile. Another interesting way to use kiwano is by incorporating it into smoothies or juices. Blending the flesh with other fruits, such as strawberries, oranges, or kiwis, can result in a refreshing and tropical beverage. Additionally, the kiwano's seeds can be strained and the juice can be used as a colorful and flavorful addition to cocktails or mocktails. Overall, exploring different approaches to preparing and cooking kiwano can be a rewarding culinary experience. Whether enjoyed on its own, in salads, or in beverages, kiwano's unique flavor and texture can add a whimsical touch to any dish.

Jain Diagram

Details about Kiwano

Kiwano, scientifically known as Cucumis metuliferus, is a peculiar fruit native to the Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa. It is also commonly known as horned melon, spiked melon, or African horned cucumber. This highly distinctive fruit has gradually gained popularity worldwide due to its unique appearance, tantalizing flavor, and various culinary uses.

Kiwano plants thrive in hot and arid climates, which is why they are naturally found in regions with extreme temperatures. They mainly grow in South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and other surrounding countries. These plants are perennial climbers with long tendrils, belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family, just like cucumbers, watermelons, and pumpkins.

The growth process of kiwano starts with the germination of its seeds in well-drained soil. Warm temperatures and abundant sunlight are essential for the plant's optimal growth. It requires a trellis or any support system to help the vine and its fruits develop properly. Kiwano plants have a quick growing cycle, with fruits appearing within three to four months after planting.

The fruit itself is truly a sight to behold. It is oval-shaped, about the size of a large orange or a small melon, covered in spiky orange or yellow skin with prominent green to yellowish-green horns. When ripe, the skin turns bright orange and becomes slightly softer, while the horns become more pliable. The flesh inside is a vibrant green, filled with a gelatinous juice and numerous small seeds.

The fruit's unique flavor is a delightful combination of tartness and sweetness, reminiscent of a mix between cucumber, banana, and passion fruit. Its taste profile can vary slightly from fruit to fruit, with some being more acidic while others lean towards a sweeter side. This versatility opens up a world of opportunities for culinary exploration.

Kiwano has been used in African cuisines for centuries due to its abundance in the region. The indigenous tribes often incorporate the fruit into various dishes and beverages. In Ethiopia, for instance, it is commonly found in salads and stews, adding a refreshing twist to traditional recipes. In other African countries, it is often used to garnish desserts or incorporated into soothing drinks.

In modern culinary practices, kiwano is utilized in numerous inventive ways. Its tropical flavor and intriguing appearance have made it popular as a delightful addition to fruit salads, smoothies, and sorbets. Many chefs use it as a striking garnish or to give a tangy kick to salsas, chutneys, and sauces. Additionally, the seeds can be pressed to extract a unique oil that adds a distinct flavor to dressings and marinades.

To prepare kiwano for consumption, one must first slice it in half lengthwise, exposing the vibrant green flesh and an abundance of seeds. Then, simply scoop out the gelatinous juice and seeds, avoiding any contact with the spiky skin. The seeds can be used as a garnish or a crunchy addition to various dishes. The remaining flesh and juice can be enjoyed raw or incorporated into different recipes.

The versatility and exotic allure of kiwano have captivated people around the world. It has become a sought-after fruit in upscale restaurants and tropical-themed parties, loved for its aesthetic appeal and intriguing taste. Kiwano is also a rich source of antioxidants, vitamin C, and dietary fiber, making it a wholesome choice for health-conscious individuals.

In conclusion, kiwano is a remarkable fruit with origins in the Kalahari Desert of Southern Africa. Its growth process requires arid and sunny conditions, resulting in the development of a visually striking fruit with a gelatinous green flesh and spiky orange or yellow skin. Beyond its appearance, kiwano offers a unique flavor, combining tangy and sweet notes. This fruit finds various applications in culinary practices, from garnishes to sorbets and even cold-pressed oils. Discovering kiwano opens up a world of culinary possibilities, bringing a taste of Africa and an adventure for the senses to any dish it graces.